Islam Wiki

Islamic Calendar

  1. Muharram
  2. Safar
  3. Rabi' al-awwal
  4. Rabi' al-thani
  5. Jumada al-awwal
  6. Jumada al-thani
  7. Rajab
  8. Sha'aban
  9. Ramadan
  10. Shawwal
  11. Dhu al-Qi'dah
  12. Dhu al-Hijjah

Rabi' al-awwal (Arabic: "The First Rabi") is the third month in the Islamic calendar. During this month, Muslims around the world celebrate Mawlid - the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Sunni Muslims believe the exact date of birth of Muhammad to have been on the twelfth of this month, whereas Shi'a believe him to have been born on the dawn of the seventeenth day. The name Rabī‘ al-awwal means the first [month]/beginning of spring, referring to its position in the pre-Islamic Arabian calendar before the practice of intercalation was abolished.


The celebration of the Mawlid is done differently depending on the country. In some areas celebrations begin as early as the first of the month and can continue till the end of the month. Muslims generally put coloured lights on roads streets and their homes and put green flags as well to celebrate. In many countries a procession is also conducted on 12th or 17th of Rabiul Awal night and day. On these occasions sweets and drinks are also distributed widely from home to home, and to the general public as well. In some areas Muslims also exchange gifts as well.


The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Rabī‘ al-Awwal migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Rabī‘ al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia[1]):

AH First day (CE / AD) Last day (CE / AD)
1431 15 February 2010 16 March 2010
1432   4 February 2011   5 March 2011
1433 24 January 2012 22 February 2012
1434 13 January 2013 10 February 2013
1435   2 January 2014 31 January 2014
1436 23 December 2014 20 January 2015
1437 12 December 2015 10 January 2016
Rabī‘ al-Awwal dates between 2010 and 2015

Islamic events[]

Masjid al-Quba

Masjid al-Quba, the first mosque, was built during this month.

  • 06 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1404 AH, death of Hazrat Khwaja Allah Bakhsh Abbasi Naqshbandi
  • 08 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, death of Twelver Imam, Hasan al-Askari
  • 09 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, Eid-e-Shuja
  • 12 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, traditional Sunni observe Mawlid in commemoration of the Prophet Muhammad's birthday
  • 17 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, Shia Muslims celebrate the birthday of Muhammad and the Shia Imam, Jafar al-Sadiq
  • 18 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, birth of Umm Kulthum bint Ali
  • 26 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, death of Abu Talib ibn Abdul Muttalib
  • 26 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1333 AH, death of Khwaja Sirajuddin Naqshbandi, a Naqshbandi Sufi shaykh

Other events:

  • The Hijra (Arabic: "migration") took place this month
  • Eid-e-Zahra (a.k.a. Eid-e-Shuja), a celebration of Shia Muslims
  • Marriage of Muhammad to Khadija bint Khuwaylid
  • Building of the Quba Mosque (1st mosque in Islam)


External links[]