In Islamic theology, al-Insān al-Kāmil (الإنسان الكامل, also rendered as Insan-i Kamil انسانِ كامل - in Persian and Turkish), is a term used as an honorific title to describe Muhammad. Muhammad is known as uswa hasana, al-Insān al-Kāmil, par excellence. It is an Arabic phrase loosely translated, meaning, the 'perfect human'. The Sunni Islamic scholar Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki, has also published a Sirah on Muhammad as al-Insān al-Kāmil. The Sufis also regard Muhammad as the Perfect Saint, or Universal Man. Al-Jili was also the author of a Persian text entitled al-Insān al-Kāmil. Muhammad is also identified with the Logos (as in biblical Judaism, the word of God) and the Divine Intellect. Ismailis believe that each Imam is a perfect man. According to Twelvers view all of The Fourteen Infallibles including Fatima Zahra are perfect individuals.
The concept of al-Insān al-Kāmil also has some relation to Adam.
- Ibn Arabi
- God and the Perfect Man in the Experience of 'Abd al-Qâdir al-Jaza'iri
- Topics in Islamic Religion: Sufi Texts Contestation and Competition: Sufism and Opposition to Sufism Religious Studies 545
- Radical Islamic Anthropology: Key to Christian Theologizing in the Context of Islam, by David Emmanuel Singh